These teas have begun in China. Expected at least 2,167 BC The beginning of the tea legend. There are many legends. Some say that the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung discovered a way to brew tea by accident. When he boiled drinking water near the tea tree while waiting for the water to boil Tea branches have fallen into the teapot. After a while, the fragrance was poured out. When he had taken the tea twig and drank it, he found it refreshing. Tea drinking became more widespread at a later time. In addition to discovering the properties of tea, He also researched and tested more than 200 different kinds of herbs. The Chinese have respected him as the father of medicine.
The legend says Dharma priest which was the son of the Indian king Traveled to make merit to spread Buddhism in China During the reign of Emperor Tadi, in the year 519 BC, Emperor Tadi popular admired the monk, so he invited the monks to stay in a cave in the city of Nanking. While the priest prayed, he fell asleep. Make the Chinese laugh at As punishment for himself not to commit such an offense again The Dharma, therefore, has cut off his eyelid. When the eyelids fall to the ground they grow, for example, a strange vision. The Chinese therefore gather tea to brew in drinking water to cure illness.
In addition, there is a legend telling that at the first time a cholera epidemic occurred in China, many people died. Giaui Feng found that the cause of the disease is due to the fact that people drink dirty water. Therefore recommending that the villagers boil drinking water And for the villagers to believe Therefore searched for the leaves to be lit and fragrant to put in boiled water Giaui Feng found that there is a kind of plant that gives a very special aroma. Has a slightly astringent taste and can cure diarrhea Therefore disseminating this method to the villagers to follow In which the fragrant plant is the tea tree.
The main written base of the tea that has been passed down today is “Cha Ching Classic Tea Literature is the world’s first tea-related book. Describe the origin of tea, tea cultivation, tea production, tea quality, tea drinking methods Tea brewing equipment and tea fees For centuries, this book became the basis of Chinese education.
In various countries, the value of China’s tea was distributed to be planted in various countries in Asia, such as Japan, a country that is close to China. By getting to know and bringing tea into Japan by a number of Japanese monks that traveled to China with diplomatic ships In order to study the teachings of Buddhism And brought the tea seeds to grow at Shingakn, which was successfully successful. After that, in the year 1191, tea cultivation became widespread, and a Japanese monk named Eisai visited China in the year 1192 and 1196 wrote a book about preserving Health in Drinking Tea is the first book about tea in Japan. Which later developed into a tea ceremony in Japan to this day.
in India During the 18th- 19th centuries, West India Company experimented with Chinese tea seeds grown on the Himalayas. The expansion of the tea industry began in the year 1818-1834 northeast area. Later, wild tea was found in Nepal and Manipur. As a result, a committee was established to oversee and grow tea in Calcutta in 1834 and research was conducted on tea. In the botanical garden of Calcutta By receiving seed assistance from China Later, China refrained from sending tea varieties to India because they fear that India will produce tea to compete. India must therefore develop its own tea species. By using tea varieties that are already grown And naturally occurring species near the Nepal border Until the Chinese border of Yunnan Province.
The origin of Ceylon tea in Sri Lanka (Ceylon Island)
After Sri Lanka became a British colony. The British ruling class pondered ways to make Sri Lanka and India an industry that generates income. In order to bear military costs at that area and to return benefits to the colonial in the early 19th century (1824) Edwards Barnes, the 5th governor of the colonial Sri Lanka. Notice the coffee growing naturally. Therefore initiated the development of serious coffee cultivation in the industry, including land reform Research and development of coffee varieties Building utilities Including transportation, roads, railways, harbors to transport products There is an agent system. Trading intermediary Incentives and Government Support When Governor Barnes finished his term in 1831, coffee became an economic crop for Sri Lanka. Moreover The abolition of slavery in Jamaica in 1838 further promoted the importance of coffee from Sri Lanka to England in the 1870s Ceylon (another name for Sri Lanka).
Sri Lankan people are happy to not last long. After about a decade, the coffee rust epidemic completely destroyed the coffee trees on Ceylon. Amid chaos, economic confusion, the Scottish James Taylor, who had been quietly planting new plants on some of his land since 1867 and successfully projected the first 23 pounds of Ceylon tea to England. In the year 1873, this good news attracted the attention of all farmers. Come to visit and learn to grow tea from Taylor’s Plantation. Unite to cut down the coffee tree all over the island. It took ten years to transform the Ceylon economic crop into Ceylon Tea.
When Sri Lanka gained independence on February 4, 1948, despite the difficult political changes during the first 10-20 years, Sri Lankan people still treated Ceylon tea as an economic crop. There have been many developments that have become the number one tea exporter in the world since 1962 and maintaining the status of an important exporter in the world. Both quality and quantity until now
In Europe, England was the first country to know the use of tea leaves by using tea leaves from China in 1657 and during the year 1657-1833, the British East India Company became a monopoly. Tea imports And the British accept tea consumption faster than other nations With Sir Thomas Garaway being the pioneer of the British tea industry Later, Mr. Tommy Lipton and Mr Daniel Twining has set up factories to produce Lipton tea brand Twinings or famous to this day used by France. Tea was recognized as a drink in the 17th century. King Louis 14th consumed tea to improve digestion. And reinforce the tea industry in the UK is another attack on the French market reach. Russia The first tea was planted at Sukhum Botanic Gardens on the Black Sea coast in 1847, by the Viceroy of the Caucasus. When the tea tree began to yield Make the popularity of tea growing. The year 1884, tea seedlings from China were planted in an area of approximately 5.5 acres. After that, there was a group to support tea growing. By purchasing 3 gardens on the Black Sea coast to grow 385 acres of tea, using seeds from China, India and Sri Lanka, as well as hiring tea experts and workers from China to train By purchasing tea making equipment from England. In the year 1900, the Ministry of Agriculture of the state began to set up a trial and distribution station for free From this promotion, the tea plantation will expand. Until today, Russia Can be said that tea is grown in Georgia (Georgia) on the Black Sea coast.
History of tea in Thailand
The mind of Sukhothai during a cultural exchange with China. Found that tea had been drunk But did not show how and when it was imported, but from the letter of La Luber In the reign of King Narai the Great said that Thai people have known to drink tea. By popularly making tea for guests Drinking tea in Thailand at that time drinking Chinese tea without sugar
for the tea plantations in Thailand. The original source is in the mountains in the north of the country. Which will spread in many provinces in the northern region The important ones are Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Mae Hong Son, Phrae, Nan, Lampang, and Tak. According to the survey of the Royal Tea Research Project working group, there are wild tea sources at Ban Mai Hung. Pang Mapha Sub-district Mae Hong Son Province The border area of the border with Myanmar Wild tea trees that are found in Assam tea is several hundred years old. Trunk diameter of about 0.5 meters, the residents of the neighborhood called the tea thousand
I believe that large tea trees can be found in the high mountains of Phrae and Nan provinces. With most tea plantations in the north Will be an old garden obtained from clearing other kinds of trees Leaving only the wild tea trees that are popularly known as Miang trees. The number of trees/rai is about 50-200 trees/rai. The fresh tea leaves are only 100-140 kilograms/rai. The villagers will collect the tea leaves by hand by swiping. The whole leaf Then brings the leaves to produce complementing with At this time, when there is a high price Wild tea leaves will be produced as complimentary. But when complementing with cheap Wild tea leaves will be sold to a small Chinese tea factory. Tea production has made the quality of China. The development of the tea industry in Thailand. Began in earnest in the year 2480 by Mr. Prasit and Mr. Poom Chusri Song Phi Nong established the Mountain Tea Leaf Company Limited and built a small tea factory in Mae Taeng District Chiangmai Province By buying fresh tea leaves from the villagers who already make complementary dishes But appears to encounter many obstacles such as low-quality fresh tea leaves Insufficient quantity The villagers lack knowledge and skills in tea harvesting and tea pruning. In Fang District, Mr. Pornkoha Trade brought Hokkien tea experts from China In order to pass on knowledge to Thai people. Later in the year 2482, the two brothers of the Poo Chusri family Solve the problem of raw materials shortage By beginning to grow his own tea plantation Using native tea seeds to cultivate The tea garden is located at Kaeng Phan Thao. Chiang Dao District Chiangmai Province In an area of approximately 100 rai and later expanded the area to grow at Ban Mueang Kuet and Ban Chang Subdistrict, San Mahaphon Subdistrict, Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Province.
In 1965. Production promotion was increased. By requesting a tea plantation concession From the Royal Forest Department in the amount of 2,000 rai at Ban Bang Huai Tak, Inthakhin Subdistrict, Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Province on behalf of Shaming Company And a tea plantation in San Mahaphon Subdistrict, Mae Taeng District, on behalf of the Chairman Bun Bun Company The tea produced is mostly foreign tea. Later, the private sector became more interested in the tea production industry. In 1987, the Shaming Company expanded the tea plantation concession. For Siam Tea Company From then, Siam Tea began to encourage farmers who grow nearby fields to plant new tea gardens. And buying fresh tea leaves From farmers to produce Guava tea, Lipton tea Until now 000 Rai at Bang Huai Tak Village, Inthakhin Subdistrict, Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Province on behalf of Charing Company And a tea plantation in San Mahaphon Subdistrict, Mae Taeng District, on behalf of the Chairman Bun Bun Company The tea produced is mostly foreign tea. Later, the private sector became more interested in the tea production industry.
In 1987, the Shaming Company expanded the tea plantation concession. For Siam Tea Company From then, Siam Tea began to encourage farmers who grow nearby fields to plant new tea gardens. And buying fresh tea leaves From farmers to produce Guava tea, Lipton tea Until now 000 Rai at Bang Huai Tak Village, Inthakhin Subdistrict, Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Province on behalf of Charing Company And a tea plantation in San Mahaphon Subdistrict, Mae Taeng District, on behalf of the Chairman Bun Bun Company The tea produced is mostly foreign tea. Later, the private sector became more interested in the tea production industry. In 1987, the Shaming Company expanded the tea plantation concession. For Siam Tea Company From then, Siam Tea began to encourage farmers who grow nearby fields to plant new tea gardens. And buying fresh tea leaves From farmers to produce Guava tea, Lipton tea Until now
For that government Industrial promotion and development began in the year 1940 by the Permanent Secretary of Agriculture (ML Petch Sanitwong), Director-General of the Department of Agriculture. (Khun Chuang Kaset Silapakarn) and Head of Horticulture Division (U.K. Laksanakon Kasemsan) traveled to explore the location of planting and improvement of tea in Fang District Chiangmai Province Finally, choose the hot spring area. Is a tea cultivation experiment by setting up a Fang Horticultural Experiment Station with Mr. Phuang Suwanathada as the station leader The first phase, tea seeds that are planted Was collected from the local area of Mon Bin and Doi Khun Suay where wild tea trees grow Later, the varieties of tea were imported from India, Taiwan and Japan for cultivation. To conduct research and further research In many parts of the Department of Agriculture, such as the Doi Muser Horticulture Experiment Station, Tak Province, the Wawee Agricultural Experiment Station Chiang Rai province And the agricultural experiment station at Mae Jon Luang High Chiang Mai
In 1975, the National Security Division began a tea plantation project in the 6 immigrant villages, Nong Nong Kae Noi, Mae Ai Tham Ngong, Tham Priang Luang and Mae Salong. The project was supported by the Taiwan government. Delivery of hybrid tea seeds Come to experiment with planting, and send experts to transfer planting techniques and production. For the next 3 years, there is a demonstration plot Planting tea at Mae Salong’s house. Nong U and Ka Noi in the year 2525, therefore, has established the Mae Salong Tea Leaf Cooperative, Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Province. The members of the tea plant has assisted in finance and advice in mind. Year 1982 Northern Industrial Service Division Department of Industrial Promotion in collaboration with the Asian Productivity Center Organized a scholarship to observe the tea industry for 12 tea entrepreneurs in Taiwan and Sri Lanka for 2 weeks. Later, in October 1983, the Asian Productivity Center Sent 2 Chinese tea experts from Taiwan, Mr. Xu Ying Lien And Mr Zhang Lian Fu Came to give advice on tea plantation and Chinese tea production techniques for 2 weeks. In June 1984, the Asian Productivity Center sent a foreign tea plantation expert from Sri Lanka, Mr. J. Ramanaken to give introduce and demonstrate techniques to produce tea for 3 weeks. In the year 1987, the Department of Agriculture asked the FAO experts to survey and study the feasibility of the tea industry. FAO sent Dr. AKAich, a foreign tea expert. From India Came to study for 1 month and the scholars of the Department of Agriculture were sent to see the planting work And the production of foreign tea in India.